History of Urdu language

It’s about a thousand years old Ab’ul Hasan Yamīn al-Dīn Khusrow (better known as Amir Khusrow) is said to be the first Urdu poet and Khusrau’s poetry is still sung today at Sufi shrines throughout Pakistan. InshaAllah Khan is known as the second poet from Lucknow

The word ‘ Urdu ‘ comes from Turkish word ‘ Ordu ‘ meaning ‘ Army ‘ or ‘Lashkar ‘. The exact origin is difficult to trace, but there are many different theories to explain the history of Urdu language.

What is the old name of Urdu language

The old name of Urdu was (Reekhta) ریختہ and the meaning of this word is a thing that has no value. Some say it is a fifth or seventh language of the world with the name of Reekhta. After that, with some variations, the name become Ordu.

history of urdu language
Ghalib Photo by abhisheksrivastava

One Ghalib said

ریختہ کے تمہی استاد نہیں ہو غاؔلب

کہتے ہیں اگلے زمانہ میں کوئی مؔیر بھی تھا


It is the national language and one of two authority languages of the nation of Pakistan and the other one is English. It is additionally one of 22 of the official languages that exist in India. While it is talked by minority bunches in a significant number of the states as a religious language, Urdu is generally talked in the five Indian states of Andhra Pradesh, Jharkhand, Bihar, Uttar Pradesh, and Jammu and Kashmir, where it is an official language.  If you research carefully you will find that people in Punjab, Delhi, and other areas still speak mostly Urdu but it is called hindi language

There are around 65 million speakers of Urdu around the world and 52 million of these speakers lives in India, with another 12 million in Pakistan.


The origin and history of Urdu language are related to the arrival of the Muslim people in the sub-continent, it was in a very initial stage. When Sufia and Masha‘ikh adopted it for their preaching objective, they contributed Arabic and Persian genres in it and made it a highly reformed literary language capable for all types of expression.

Language of Pakistan: What is the Old name of Urdu language and history
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