Advent of Islam in Subcontinent and Islamic History of Pakistan
The advent of Islam in Subcontinent: The last Prophet, Muhammad (SAW), completely changed the outlook of Arabia within 23 years of life by preaching Islam and he transformed the barbarous and impious Arabs into a civilized and religious Islamic nation. During his life and after his death, Muslims took the message of Allah to each edge of the world and within a few years, Muslims (Sunni) became the superpower of the world.
The advent of Islam in subcontinent & Muhammad Bin Qasim
Indian sub-continent ( India, Pakistan, Bangladesh ) was the largest population of Muslims in the world when Islam entered India.
During the rule of great Umayyad Caliph Walid bin Abdul Malik, hajaj bin Yousaf was selected as the governor of the Eastern Provinces. At the time Raja Dahir (a brahman) ruled Sindh. the majority of the people living in the area were Shudders or Buddhists. Dahir treated brutally and inhumanely with Muslims
In 711, the Umayyads appointed a young 17-year-old ( Mohammad bin Qasim ) from Ta’if to extend Umayyad control into Sindh. Mohammad-bin-Qasim came to Sindh with his army of 6,000 soldiers to the far eastern reaches of Persia, Makran. and then step by step he won all areas of Sindh and sometimes without any battle.
It is important to note that people were not forced by anyone to convert to Muslims and there was no change for nonmuslims in day to day life because Muhammad-bin-Qasim guaranteed that everybody is free to move in his society and to worship his God. For example, the brahman caste and Buddhists can perform their daily life and worship. The spiritual leaders of local religions were given salaries from the government fund and everyone had full religious freedom. No changes were made in the local administration. Local people were allowed to move and to hold office.
All of Sindh went under Islamic control with the victory of Deen-a-Islam. People turned to Deen-a-Islam due to Qasim’s religious behavior, tolerance, and justice. It was the advent of Islam in subcontinent
Trade relations between Arabia and Sub-continent
The Arabs traders used to visit the ports of South and South East Asia for trading. In this way, they brought Deen-a-Islam to South Asia by preaching.
The British East India Company opens its first office for business in Bombay in 1614. After many wars between British and Sub-continent, they became ruler in 1858 to 1947.
14 Aug 1997 Pakistan came into existing as Islamic country by the partition of British Indian Empire. The Great poet & philosopher Sir Allama Iqbal initially proposed the possibility of a separate state (Pakistan) in northwestern South Asia in his messages. His proposition alluded to the four areas of Punjab, Sindh, Balochistan, and the NorthWest Frontier- – basically what might become Pakistan. Iqbal’s thought gave solid shape to two nations in South Asia in view of religion (Islam and Hinduism) as Pakistan and india.
Islamic history of Pakistan
Islam is the official religion of the Islamic Republic of Pakistan and here people are very strict about it. In 1998, 96% population was Muslims, After Indonesia, Pakistan has the second biggest Sunni (Muslim) population in the world and shia (non-muslim) population is the second largest world after Iran.
These link may help you to learn more:
Important Question: Why Qasim attack on Singh
Well. Hajjaj received a letter in which a Muslim girl asked for help who was in the prison of Partaab Raye. Hajjaj sent Qasim to help the girl. (This is what respect Islam give to a woman that europian society does not give) find more information here,
Now let’s talk about the person who came in sub-continent just for Islam.
Who is Muhammad Bin Qasim and how he bring Islam in sub-continent
His full name was Umad-ud-Din Muhammad ibn Qasim, a nephew of a famous soldier of Bino Amia, Hajaj bin Yusuf. Mohammad bin Qasim conquered Sindh at the age of 29 and introduced Deen-a-Islam in India. Due to this great victory, the honor of a hero is found in the Muslims of India and Pakistan. And for that reason, Sindh is called the door of Islam in the subcontinent.
Muhammad bin Qasim was born in Taif in 694. Her father was counted among the prominent people of the family. When hajjaj bin Yusuf was appointed the governor of Iraq, he set the distinguished people of a known family to different positions. Among them were Qasim’s father, Qasim Mohammad ibn Qasim had won the governorship of Basra. Thus, the beginning of Mohammad bin Qasim’s training was in Basra. At the age of five, his father died.
From childhood, Mohammad-bin-Qasim seemed to be a fascinating and profitable future. He could not fulfill his desire to get the higher education, so he was recruiting the army after initial education. He had received a special position in the army by attending his army in Damashk and earned a high position in the army due to his ability and unusual ability at the very least.
Age of 15
At the age of 15, the soldiers were handed over to finish the revolt in Iran. At that time, Banu was ruled by the ruler of Amia bin Abdul Malik, and hajjaj bin Yusuf was the governor of Iraq. In this campaign, Mohammad-bin-Qasim made a special city sheraz and he set the governor of this city. He made his ability to rule with all his good qualities.
Age of 17
At the age of 19, the governor of Iran province was appointed the governor. And for ten years, it took place under the age of 17, was sent as a Salar (fighter) on Sindh’s campaign. The chain of winning of Mohammad-bin-Qasim started in 711 and continued till 713. He conquered the main areas of Sindh and conquered Multan by completing Sindh’s festivals to the end but he could not go to the north of northern India becouse of situations.
System tolerance and advent of Islam in subcontinent (india & Pakistan)
Muhammad bin Qasim was a teenager and he created not only his name as a great winner, but also gave evidence of being successful. He spent about 4 years in Sindh, but in this short period, he managed to manage the empire as well as establishing the system of governance in Sindh, which has fulfilled all the requirements of justice.
The victory of Mohammad bin Qasim’s history was of great influence on the basis of political, social, religious, and practical. Specialization and character: Muhammad-bin-Qasim was a young man, in lesser circumstances as a salar on Sindh’s.
The success of Sindh’s is enough for the proof of his capabilities. The moral and role of his character can be determined by the fact that a non-ethnic group had become a civilized group of people.
When Muhammad bin Qasim began to leave Sindh, he expressed sadness on all his Sindh’s departure.
He was a compassionate, merciful, merciful and compassionate man. He appeared in love with the person and respected him respectively. People used to share grief in public life. He used wisely on every turn and every step of his step was to find success. His elevated and stable institution was the reason for his success.
On his death, the Hindus and Buddhists of the City of Karaj expressed their belief in their city by making them a statue. That is what the writer also thought. His personality was very promising also a reason of advent of Islam in subcontinent. His ethics used to be grouped quickly.
After the victory of Multan, he stepped up to northern India. First, Islamist invites the invocation to Islam, but he did not accept so Muhammad-bin-Qasim’s preparation for the attack on fatooj. Meanwhile, in 95 AH, hajaj bin Yusuf died, on which Qasim returned instead of fighting with fatooj’s army
Shortly after the departure of the pilgrims of hajjaj bin Yusuf, Wali bin Abdul-Mulk issued orders to all the governors of the Eastern countries to stop all the victories and adversities. The conditions for fulfilling the wishes of Muhammad-bin-Qasim’s festivities Not allowed, and a few months later, Khalifa bin Abdul Malik was also transferred to 96th.
With the death of Umayyllah Khalifa Vilabin Abdul Malik, the fall of the winner of Muhammad-bin-Qasim began to fall. Because after the battle, his brother Solomon bin Abdul Malikak was appointed as successor, who was the enemy of Hujj bin Yusuf. hajaj passed away if he had been before the beginning of Khilafah, but the revenge of the court took him from the family of hajjaj and ignoring all the services and works of Mohammad bin Qasim, being a member of the hajaj family.
Solomon sent Yazid bin Abi Kabishah as Sindhi and ordered that Muhammad-bin-Qasim to be arrested. When Bin Qasim’s companions came to know about this arrested, they told Mohammad-bin-Qasim that you are our leader so we won’t let you go but he said I have to follow khalifa’s command.
He was sent to damaskh after the arrest. Solomon imprisoned him in a prisoner’s custody. After 7 months, after the fall of the prisoner, he departed from the world. He has performed in India due to war capabilities, courage and beauty and ethics that are written in golden letters in history, due to its death, the world suffered great harm.
After Muhammad bin Qasim:
Mohammad-bin-Qasim has been in Sindh for four years. After winning Sindh, he has run the system of government with utmost success. The success of this system was definitely a fervent personality. It was appointed by Yazid bin Abi Kabshah to deprive him of Sindh’s governorship. But he died after a few days. By the time of his death and the new government, the effects of the capture of Mohammad-bin-Qasim appeared in the form of an evil in Sindh.
Note: If I mistakenly made any mistake, please let me know in the comment section so i can correct. Thank you